Sok z mandarynki poprawia stan antyoksydacyjny w hipercholesterolemii dzieci

Codoñer-Franch P, López-Jaén AB, Muñiz P, Sentandreu E, Bellés VV.

Regularne spożywanie soku z mandarynki znacznie zmniejsza biomarkery w osoczu utleniania lipidów i białek oraz zwiększa potencjał antyoksydacyjny u dzieci.

Oryginalne doniesienie poniżej:

BACKGROUND:

Oxidative stress has been linked to such degenerative diseases as atherosclerosis, and it has been suggested that increased dietary intake of antioxidants may reduce its progression.

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the effect of mandarin juice consumption on biomarkers related to oxidative stress in hypercholesterolemic children.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The diet of 48 children with plasma cholesterol >200 mg/dL and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol >130 mg/dL was supplemented for 28 days with 500 mL/day of pure (100%) mandarin juice (Citrus clementina Hort. ex Tan.). The composition of the mandarin juice was analyzed, and its antioxidant antiradical activity was evaluated in vitro. Malondialdehyde, carbonyl groups, vitamins E and C, erythrocyte-reduced glutathione, and plasma lipids were measured at the onset and at the end of the supplementation period. The paired Student t test was used to compare values before and after supplementation.

RESULTS:

Mandarin juice exerted a strong antioxidant effect mainly due to its high hydroxyl activity and, to a lesser extent, to its superoxide scavenger activity. At the end of the study, levels of the plasma biomarkers of oxidative stress were significantly decreased (malondialdehyde -7.4%, carbonyl groups -29.1%, P < 0.01), whereas the plasma antioxidants vitamin E and C (13.5%, P < 0.001 and 68.2%, P < 0.00001, respectively) and intraerythrocyte glutathione level (36.7%, P < 0.00001) were significantly increased. Plasma lipids and antibodies to oxidized low-density lipoproteins remained unchanged.

CONCLUSIONS:

Regular ingestion of mandarin juice significantly reduces plasma biomarkers of lipid and protein oxidation and enhances the antioxidant status of consumers.


Źródło: J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2008 Sep;47(3):349-55. doi: 10.1097/MPG.0b013e31816a8cdb.